Most of the books and articles you find through the library undergo a lengthy review and publishing process. Contrast this to the open Web where anyone can publish anything and you see why evaluating your sources is an important part of research. Review the following information on methods of evaluating sources for academic research.
The CRAAP test is a list of questions that you should ask when evaluating information. Familiarize yourself with it before starting and review it as needed as you conduct your research.
Original CRAAP Test created by Chico State Librarians. Plus questions inspired by the work of Angela Pashia.
This video from the University of Southern Australia summarizes how to use the CRAAP test to evaluate resources.
Your job as a researcher is to find out what experts (people with advanced training on a topic) have concluded about your topic and use that evidence to make an argument. The most credible resources are those written by experts and "peer" reviewed by other experts.
For more on determining credibility, check out this video from North Carolina State Libraries.
The CRAAP Test is a great way to do some basic evaluation of a source. But often when you're evaluating a webpage, CRAAP is not enough because you can't find all the information you need on the page itself - you need to leave the page and do some additional research about the organization, the author, or the claims being made.
Mike Caulfield's free ebook Web Literacy for Student Fact-Checkers suggest four ways to fact-check sources that go beyond the CRAAP test:
Prefer an interactive learning experience? The Library has created a self-paced tutorial in Canvas on evaluating and selecting sources. The module takes an average of 30 minutes to complete. After finishing the module and getting a score of 75% or higher on the quiz, the option to fill out a certification of completion will appear in the module screen.